Preparing An Ideal Parking Structure Design

by Yesenia Velez

Preparing an ideal parking structure design follows very specific steps. It is important to know basically how many automobiles the site can expect to accommodate. The size of the area, number of floors, and potential weight load are all key aspects to consider. A team of experts and engineers come together to make the basic plans prior to construction.

An initial task to be performed in the planning and development stage is a geological survey. Earth that is very porous may have a low load bearing capability, and this can be a real disaster from a safety standpoint. In addition, one must consider whether or not it is being constructed on a fault line or in a flood plain, as the requirements to pass basic safety standards will be strict.

Naturally, the land must be surveyed as well. Getting into legal entanglements over property lines can stall construction for months, or even years. Also, there are other aspects of surrounding infrastructure which need to be mapped out. There can be potentially fatal accidents when one does not clearly mark the electrical, water, and gas lines prior to breaking ground.

A large area, preferably with a rectangular shape must be identified near the building it will service. A flat site is certainly easier to build on, but sloped ground can be worked with as well. Most structures need to be at least 240 feet in length, but a longer blueprint can provide shallower ramps for the cars to drive up.

As a rule the parking bays are placed parallel to the building length. It is helpful for them to run mostly in the direction of pedestrian traffic, although providing separate walk ways directly to stairwells and elevators is helpful. By providing separate walking areas with cross-walks it is safer for the pedestrian traffic to stay well away from automobiles.

Just as necessary as size, convenience, and structural integrity; the engineers involved must plan for security as well. The level of security necessary may vary depending on what type of business the car park is servicing, but certain aspects are universal. Cameras positioned throughout are a nice deterrent. However, for real security there needs to be a call button or a panic button that would alert security to a crime as it takes place.

The basic blueprint must also take into consideration what sort of business the car park is going to service. A shopping mall has high traffic, and security will have to be tight. A hospital will have many elderly and handicapped people, and accommodations will need to be made for wheelchairs and wheelchair vans. An office building will see traffic at certain consistent times of the day, largely automobiles and SUVs.

There are many steps involved, and many details to consider when planning Parking Structure Design. These raised car parks have become an ideal solution to the traffic and auto storage headaches which have plagued people who live and work in urban areas. Having a safe place to keep their automobiles provides money savings to employees, and time savings to employers who do not have their people leaving the office every hour to move their cars.

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