Early Car History

by Mick Car

Automobiles are an inevitable element of today's world, with umpteen models adorning every nook and corner of the planet. The birth of the car and its periodic evolution through the ages is indeed an intriguing topic to many and is worth a thorough study. It's thought that the modern cars that we see on the roads these days are the result of over 100,000 patents!

Initial Cars

It is actually said that the first true motor automobile came into existence only in 1885. Till then, steam powered vehicles were in use. While it was thought that steam powered cars came to be invented as early as 1672 by Ferdinand Verbiest, little details is accessible nowadays of his creation. The main credit for the same goes to a French engineer and mechanic, Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot, whose steam driven military tractor which was built at the Paris Arsenal, was utilized by the French army to haul up arms and ammunitions.

Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot's Car - Initial Vehicle In the Planet

Cugnot's automobile consisted of a basic wooden chassis, with a boiler and steam engine mounted at the front. The seat, the steering tiller and the brake pedal was positioned behind, and the entire automobile ran on 3 wheels, which usually resulted in loss of balance. It also needed to stop every single 15 minutes or so to let steam to build up again. The energy obtained out of burning fuel was employed to heat water that produced the steam. This resulted in the expansion of pistons, which turned the crankshaft that turned the wheels of the automobile. Having said that Cugnot's invention had an extremely brief life as a result of problems like instability as well as failure to meet the Army's stipulated efficiency level.

Worlds Very first Motor Car Accident

Incidentally, Cugnot developed one more model of the steam powered automobile in 1771, which he accidentally rammed into a stone wall due to over speeding, resulting in the worlds 1st motor automobile accident, soon after which he had to unceremoniously shelve his experiments.

First Internal Combustion Engine

It was in 1807 that a Swiss inventor, Francois Issac de Rivaz came out with the first internal combustion engine. A mixture of oxygen and hydrogen was used to produce the power necessary to power this engine, and de Rivaz produced use of this engine to develop a motor automobile too which resulted in a automobile measuring 1 ton in weight and six meters in length! The impracticability of this model made it very unsuccessful. Later on, many other creators like Samuel Brown, Samuel Morey, and Etienne Lenoir also tried their hand unsuccessfully in developing internal combustion engines capable of powering vehicles.

However it is indisputably agreed by historians that Nicolas Cugnot was indeed the creator of the world's very first automobile. That being the fact, it's also undeniable that the world's early steam powered vehicles had been indeed automobiles.

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